The specter of leviathan in the central-local relations : a comparative historical analysis of the decentralization reform in Thailand and the Philippines

Abstract: This essay offers a comparative analysis of the decentralization reforms in Thailand and the Philippines. It is shown that the outcome of decentralization depends largely on the power configuration of the national bureaucracy at the time of modern state founding. Author(s): Sudhipongpracha, Tatchalerm Source(s): , Journal of African & Asian local government studies (JAALGS);…

The effects of social and institutional structures on decision-making and benefit distribution of community forestry in Nepal

Abstract: Participatory democracy has been an official part of community forestry (CF) in Nepal since 1989. This study investigates the potential for the poor and disadvantaged to hold positions of power in CF institutions, and whether better representation has a positive impact on equity. Author(s): Yadav, Bhagwan Dutta Source(s): , xiv, 196 p., ill., graphs,…

A comparative analysis of the system of intergovernmental relations in Botswana and South Africa : the dynamics of a two-tier system versus a three-tier system

Abstract: In both South Africa and Botswana, local government is the most disadvantaged sphere of government. Although designed for efficiency, effectiveness and cooperation, all configurations have problems of ambiguity in governmental authority, as well as counterproductive friction, duplication and waste. Author(s): Dipholo, Kenneth; Gumede, Nyawo Source(s): , Journal of African & Asian local government studies…

Role of Panchayati Raj institutions in grassroot planning : some issues and concerns

Abstract: This paper argues that planning under the Panchayati Raj institutions (PRI) was not much of a success because decentralization did not go far enough. PRI operations were severely restricted in local planning due to: (1) inexperience; (2) bureaucracy; (3) no financial powers; (4) state dominance. Author(s): Bhuiyan, Dasarathi Source(s): , Odisha review; [Vol. 69,…

Role of citizen community boards in promoting participatory development in Muzaffargarh district, Pakistan

Abstract: The performance of Citizen Community Boards (CCBs) in Pakistan is examined, using the case of Muzaffargarh District. The link between community participation in projects and the level of satisfaction is highlighted. Impediments to the proper functioning of CCBs in development are identified. Author(s): Khan, Sara; Anjum, Ghulam Abbas Source(s): , Pakistan journal of engineering…

Local government autonomy and its effectiveness in Nigeria

Abstract: In Nigeria, federal and state governments maintained great level of influence and control over local authorities. As a result of this the LG effectiveness and performances were largely hindered. The paper lays down some suggestions for reform strategies as a corrective measure. Author(s): Ahmad, Abdullahi Ayoade Source(s): , Journal of African & Asian local…