Is decentralization leading to real decision-making power for forest-dependent communities? : case studies from Mexico and Brazil

Abstract: This study uses case studies of community forestry in Brazil and Mexico to examine the amount of decisionmaking power communities and smallholders have received over forest resources. Despite heavy regulation of extraction, communities have increasing control over day-to-day forest management. Author(s): Hajjar, Reem F.; Kozak, Robert A.; Innes, John L. Source(s): , Ecology and…

Monitoring tenure security within the continuum of land rights : methods and practices : paper

Abstract: The article presents a methodology for operationalizing the concept of a continuum of tenure security. Three levels are distinguished: individual or household, community or settlement, and legal and policy. It shows there is more than one route to achieving tenure security. Author(s): Sietchiping, Remy Source(s): , 19 p., ill. Published: 2012 [United nations human…

Democracy, participatory politics and development : some comparative lessons from Brazil, India and South Africa

Abstract: This essay reviews findings from ambitious reform projects in participatory governance in Brazil, India (Kerala) and South Africa and draws out some comparative lessons. For inclusive democratic development in the global south attention must be paid to effective citizenship. Author(s): Heller, Patrick Source(s): , Polity; Vol. 44, No. 4 p. 643-665 Polity Vol. 44,…

Empowering local people through community-based resource monitoring : a comparison of Brazil and Namibia

Abstract: The psychological, social, economic, and political aspects of local empowerment in wildlife monitoring systems in Brazil and Namibia were assessed. Empowerment was facilitated by the value of natural resources, rights to trade and manage resources, and collaboration by stakeholders. Author(s): Constantino, Pedro De Araujo Lima Source(s): , Ecology and society (E&S); vol. 17, no.…

Grassroots bureaucracy : intergovernmental relations and popular mobilization around AIDS policy in Brazil

Abstract: In Brazil’s AIDS policy sector, bureaucrats have ensured the successful implementation of their policies by mobilizing civil society as government watchdogs and as political advocates. These “activist bureaucrats” form a new layer of politics in Latin America. Author(s): Rich, Jessica A.J. Source(s): , 47 p., ill., tabs Published: 2012 [Author], Berkeley, CA (English ISBN/ISSN:…

Annual World bank conference on land and poverty : conference agenda

Abstract: The theme of the 2011 conference was “Countries strengthen land governance”. In a period of land grabbing, better land governance can encourage investment, steer urban growth and improve social welfare. It also helps countries overcome a legacy of inequality, dispossession and conflict. Author(s): World Bank Source(s): , Published: 2011 World bank, Washington, DC (English…

Tax me, but spend wisely : the political economy of taxes, evidence from Brazilian local governments

Abstract: This paper shows that local governments are more accountable when they have more capacity to tax their citizens. More taxes lower the share of rents in total public resources. Modernization of local tax administrations leads to more education provision and less corruption than federal grants. Author(s): Gadenne, Lucie Source(s): , 36 p., ill., graphs,…

Expert advocacy for the marginalised : how and why democratic mediation matters to deepening democracy in the global South

Abstract: Different kinds of democratic mediation are reviewed: mediation as professional advocacy; mediation as representational entrepreneurship; and, mediation as citizenship development. In the last case, the empowerment of communities typically has a mostly positive impact on local governance. Author(s): Piper, Laurence; Von Lieres, Bettina Source(s): , IDS working paper; 364 41 p., ill., tab, 30…

Decentralization and REDD+ in Brazil

Abstract: Central states will be accountable for REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) money, and may keep a significant share. Supporters of decentralization argue that centralized implementation of REDD+ will be ineffective and inefficient. Author(s): Toni, Fabiano Source(s): , Forests; 2 p. 66-85, ill., graphs, tabs Forests 2 Published: 2011 MDPI. Open access…