Empowering local people through community-based resource monitoring : a comparison of Brazil and Namibia

Abstract: The psychological, social, economic, and political aspects of local empowerment in wildlife monitoring systems in Brazil and Namibia were assessed. Empowerment was facilitated by the value of natural resources, rights to trade and manage resources, and collaboration by stakeholders. Author(s): Constantino, Pedro De Araujo Lima Source(s): , Ecology and society (E&S); vol. 17, no.…

Grassroots bureaucracy : intergovernmental relations and popular mobilization around AIDS policy in Brazil

Abstract: In Brazil’s AIDS policy sector, bureaucrats have ensured the successful implementation of their policies by mobilizing civil society as government watchdogs and as political advocates. These “activist bureaucrats” form a new layer of politics in Latin America. Author(s): Rich, Jessica A.J. Source(s): , 47 p., ill., tabs Published: 2012 [Author], Berkeley, CA (English ISBN/ISSN:…

Choice, recognition and the democracy effects of decentralization

Abstract: Often large development agencies choose to work with a wide range of other local interlocutors, including deconcentrated agents, private bodies, customary authorities, and NGOs. As a result, fledgling local governments are receiving few public powers and face competition for legitimacy. Author(s): Ribot, Jesse C. Source(s): , Working paper / Swedish International centre for local…

Community forest management and the emergence of multi-scale governance institutions : lessons for REDD+ development from Mexico, Brazil and Bolivia

Abstract: The role of multi-scaled governance institutions in the development of community forest management (CFM) is examined, using cases from Mexico, Brazil, and Bolivia. The article shows how the establishment of a local organizational base for CFM is crucial. Author(s): Cronkleton, Peter; Bray, David Barton; Medina, Gabriel Source(s): , Forests; 2 p. 451-473 Forests 2…

Annual World bank conference on land and poverty : conference agenda

Abstract: The theme of the 2011 conference was “Countries strengthen land governance”. In a period of land grabbing, better land governance can encourage investment, steer urban growth and improve social welfare. It also helps countries overcome a legacy of inequality, dispossession and conflict. Author(s): World Bank Source(s): , Published: 2011 World bank, Washington, DC (English…

Tax me, but spend wisely : the political economy of taxes, evidence from Brazilian local governments

Abstract: This paper shows that local governments are more accountable when they have more capacity to tax their citizens. More taxes lower the share of rents in total public resources. Modernization of local tax administrations leads to more education provision and less corruption than federal grants. Author(s): Gadenne, Lucie Source(s): , 36 p., ill., graphs,…

Expert advocacy for the marginalised : how and why democratic mediation matters to deepening democracy in the global South

Abstract: Different kinds of democratic mediation are reviewed: mediation as professional advocacy; mediation as representational entrepreneurship; and, mediation as citizenship development. In the last case, the empowerment of communities typically has a mostly positive impact on local governance. Author(s): Piper, Laurence; Von Lieres, Bettina Source(s): , IDS working paper; 364 41 p., ill., tab, 30…