Choice, recognition and the democracy effects of decentralization

Abstract: Often large development agencies choose to work with a wide range of other local interlocutors, including deconcentrated agents, private bodies, customary authorities, and NGOs. As a result, fledgling local governments are receiving few public powers and face competition for legitimacy. Author(s): Ribot, Jesse C. Source(s): , Working paper / Swedish International centre for local…

Community forest management and the emergence of multi-scale governance institutions : lessons for REDD+ development from Mexico, Brazil and Bolivia

Abstract: The role of multi-scaled governance institutions in the development of community forest management (CFM) is examined, using cases from Mexico, Brazil, and Bolivia. The article shows how the establishment of a local organizational base for CFM is crucial. Author(s): Cronkleton, Peter; Bray, David Barton; Medina, Gabriel Source(s): , Forests; 2 p. 451-473 Forests 2…

Annual World bank conference on land and poverty : conference agenda

Abstract: The theme of the 2011 conference was “Countries strengthen land governance”. In a period of land grabbing, better land governance can encourage investment, steer urban growth and improve social welfare. It also helps countries overcome a legacy of inequality, dispossession and conflict. Author(s): World Bank Source(s): , Published: 2011 World bank, Washington, DC (English…

Civil society’s claims to political representation in Brazil

Abstract: Civil society is laying claim to political representation in contemporary democracies. Using original data from São Paulo, Brazil, the need for constructing novel notions of representative legitimacy is examined based on electoral, membership, identity, mediation, proximity, and service arguments. Author(s): Houtzager, Peter P.; Gurza Lavalle, Adrian Source(s): , Studies in comparative international development; vol.…

Participatory governance

Abstract: The implications of participatory governance for political representation are reviewed, its contribution to service delivery is examined, and the impact on social equity is discussed. The selected cases from Brazil, India, and the USA show mixed results. Author(s): Fischer, Frank Source(s): , Jerusalem papers in regulation & governance : working paper; 24 19 p…

Does fiscal decentralization strengthen social capital? : cross-country evidence and the experiences of Brazil and Indonesia

Abstract: This paper tests the hypothesis that, by giving people more voice in decision-making, fiscal decentralization fosters social capital, measured in terms of interpersonal trust. In Brazil, and slightly less so in Indonesia, exposed cohorts were found to be more pro-voice and trustful of strangers. Author(s): De Mello, Luiz Source(s): , International studies program :…

Participation for what : social change or social control?

Abstract: In this collection of papers, the very concept of participation in development processes is questioned, using cases from Latin America, Kenya, and Nepal. The authors question donor-stimulated forms of participation as self-evidently positive, both theoretically and empirically. Author(s): Gómez, Georgina M.; Berner, Erhard Source(s): , 262 p., ill., graphs, maps, tabs, 22 cm Published:…

Tenure in REDD : start-point or afterthought?

Abstract: This report aims to promote debate on the REDD mechanisms, drawing on experience from rainforest countries. It explores tenure issues and identifies key challenges to be addressed if REDD is to have equitable and sustainable impact. Author(s): Cotula, Lorenzo; Mayers, James Source(s): , IIED natural resource issues; 15 vi, 56 p., ill., tabs IIED…