Equalising sub-national governments’ spending needs in a developing country : the case of Tanzania

Abstract: Many countries use fiscal equalization to alleviate fiscal disparities created by decentralization. Application of a new method to estimate spending needs of local governments in developing countries shows that many Tanzanian districts are underfunded for health services. Author(s): RU Groningen Source(s): , 30 p., ill., graphs, tabs Published: 2011 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (RuG), [Groningen (English…

Monitoring quality of care and accountability mechanisms at the district level : the potential role of the National health insurance scheme in Ghana

Abstract: A framework for monitoring the quality of care by the NHIS (National Health Insurance Scheme) at district level in Ghana was developed and an exploratory study of the current accountability mechanisms is presented. Author(s): Martens, Merel; Toonen, Jurrien; Wal, Bertram Van Der Source(s): , KIT working papers series; WPS.H6 40 p., ill KIT working…

Community driven development in Bangladesh : factors behind the reality

Abstract: A review of community driven development in Bangladesh demonstrates that both formal and informal organizations can bring about people centric development through empowerment. Successful cases include social forestry, community-based health management, microfinance, and cereal banks. Author(s): Baroi, Harold Sougato; Rabbani, Golam Source(s): , Canadian social science; Vol. 7, No. 4 p. 74-81, ill Canadian…

Strengthening fairness, transparency and accountability in health care priority setting at district level in Tanzania

Abstract: Health care organization and management systems were analysed to explore the challenges of implementing an Accountability for Reasonableness (A4R) approach to priority setting in Tanzania. Despite rhetoric on decentralisation, actual practice in the district involved little community participation. Author(s): Maluka, Stephen Oswald Source(s): , Global health action; vol. 4 11 p., ill., tabs Global…

Global forum on local development (GFLD) : pursuing the MDGs through local government, Kampala, Uganda, October 4th-6th, 2010

Abstract: WEBSITE: The goal of the Global Forum on Local Development is to broaden and deepen the paradigm of local development through democratic local governments to achieve the MDGs, and to unpack what it takes for local governments to deliver local development outcomes. Author(s): UNCDF Source(s): , Published: 2010 United nations capital development fund (UNCDF),…

Decentralisation, governance and health-system performance : ‘where you stand depends on where you sit’

Abstract: Drawing on evidence from Bolivia, Chile, India, Pakistan, Philippines, and Uganda, it is shown that a balance between centralisation of some functions and decentralisation of others, along with improved mechanisms of accountability, is needed to achieve health system objectives. Author(s): Mitchell, Andrew; Bossert, Thomas J. Source(s): , Development policy review; Vol. 28, Issue 6…

Improving district level health planning and priority setting in Tanzania through implementing accountability for reasonableness framework : perceptions of stakeholders

Abstract: The analysis of health care priority-setting in Tanzania suggests that the Accountability for Reasonableness framework could be an important tool for improving priority-setting processes in the contexts of resource-poor settings. Author(s): Maluka, Stephen Source(s): , BMC Health services research; vol. 10, no. 322 44 p., ill., tabs BMC Health services research vol. 10, no.…

Zimbabwe in transition : what about the local level?

Abstract: An examination of local governance in Zimbabwe in 2009 showed that local administration officials are much better educated and more experienced than local elected officials. Contrary to the opinion of these local officials, citizen involvement is actually quite weak. Health care is in a poor state. Author(s): Bland, Gary Source(s): , RTI research report…

The African millennium villages

Abstract: This article describes the concept, strategy and initial results of the Millennium Villages Project (MVP) and implications regarding scalability. Can the interacting crises of agriculture, health, and infrastructure in rural Africa be overcome through targeted public-sector investments? Author(s): Sanchez, Pedro Source(s): , Consilience : the journal of sustainable development; Issue 1 (2009) [18] p.,…