Political organization in multi-level settings : Mexican and Latin American parties and party systems after decentralization

Abstract: Evidence from Mexico is used to demonstrate that decentralization more resources available locally, thus reshaping the context within which parties organize.The central contention is that a high level of decentralization can undermine the formation of nationalized party systems and cohesive parties. Author(s): Harbers, Imke Source(s): , xiv, 241 p., ill., graphs, maps, tabs Published:…

Civil society’s claims to political representation in Brazil

Abstract: Civil society is laying claim to political representation in contemporary democracies. Using original data from São Paulo, Brazil, the need for constructing novel notions of representative legitimacy is examined based on electoral, membership, identity, mediation, proximity, and service arguments. Author(s): Houtzager, Peter P.; Gurza Lavalle, Adrian Source(s): , Studies in comparative international development; vol.…

The effects of political reservations for women on local governance and rural service provision : survey evidence from Karnataka

Abstract: Evidence from India is used to qualify & quantify the role of political reservation policies for women as a determinant of rural service provision and local governance and to identify factors that constrain effective local governance & rural service provision beyond the women’s reservation effect. Author(s): Raabe, Katharina; Sekher, Madhushree; Birner, Regina Source(s): ,…

Governance from below in Bolivia : a theory of local government with two empirical tests

Abstract: This paper explores the underlying economic and social determinants of good and bad municipal performance in two Bolivian municipalities to develop a conceptual framework. Predictions of performance based on local characteristics are then tested using data from other Bolivian municipalities. Author(s): Faguet, Jean-Paul Source(s): , CLAS working paper series; 24 49 p., ill., graphs,…

Why women succeed in local politics : the role of the informal to access leadership positions in Tanzania

Abstract: Local government reform in Tanzania focuses on good governance and decentralization to strengthen decision making at the district level. Women are seriously underrepresented. It was found that a history of community activism and leadership had a positive effect on the formal party selection process. Author(s): Francis, Annie Source(s): , SNV publications; H0702-03 24 p.,…

Party politics, social movements, and local democracy : institutional choices in the Brazilian Amazon

Abstract: Although in the past this close relationship between civil society organizations and the ruling party (PT) helped strengthen democracy in Brazil, the current government-NGO alliance runs in fact reinforces centralization and foments neo-corporatist/clientelist practices. Author(s): Toni, Fabiano Source(s): , Representation, equity and environment working paper; 32 iv, 21 p., ill., tabs Representation, equity and…

Representation in decentralized governance and local service delivery for MDGs : regional retreat : retreat report

Abstract: In May 2005 a regional workshop was held in Hua Hin, Thailand, to discuss approaches to ensure inclusion of women, youth, ethic minorities and disadvantaged groups in local government as well as the role of traditional representation. Author(s): UNDP; UNCDF Source(s): , 25 p., ill., tabs Published: 2005 United nations development programme] (UNDP) [etc.,…

The world we could win : administering global governance

Abstract: The history and definition of governance are reviewed and the implementation of good governance at the local level is contrasted with the complexities of good governance at the global level. The importance of proportionality and subsidiarity in realizing openness, participation etc. is emphasized. Author(s): Fraser-Moleketi, Geraldine Joslyn Source(s): , xxxiii, 177 p. Published: 2005…

Negative side effects : decentralization and the potential for democratic instability in Costa Rica

Abstract: The possible negative side effects of the ongoing decentralization process in Costa Rica are examined, including party system fragmentation, reinforced or mutated clientelism, inter-municipal conflict and polarization, and local government instability. Author(s): Ryan, Jeffrey Source(s): , 14 p. Published: 2002 Universidad de Costa Rica. Instituto de investigaciones jurídicas (IIJ). Facultad de derecho, [San José…

Decentralisation in Madhya Pradesh, India : from Panchayati raj to Gram swaraj (1995-2001)

Abstract: This paper seeks to evaluate the Panchayat system, based on its first six years of operation. It notes that the participation of women in Panchayat councils has improved due to reservation; however, efforts to improve the performance of women require greater attention. Author(s): Behar, Amitabh; Kumar, Yogesh Source(s): , Working paper / Overseas development…