Analyzing the Evolution and Effectiveness of Participatory Institutions in Brazil

Analyzing the Evolution and Effectiveness of Participatory Institutions in Brazil

Since Brazil adopted a new constitution in 1988, a significant development of participatory institutions – such as participatory budgeting and a variety of policy councils – has been taking place to create opportunities for citizens to participate in policy making, implementation, and evolution. Are these participatory institutions actually making a difference? In the event “Social … Continue reading

Impact of Decentralization: Resource List

Impact of Decentralization: Resource List

In the report launch event in Washington DC last year, we received suggestions to examine the literature of those who are skeptical or opposed to decentralization and to compile the evidence base that shows the advantages of decentralization to improved service delivery, reduced corruption and economic growth. We have organized a reference list of documents … Continue reading

New Constitution for Decentralization in Tanzania

New Constitution for Decentralization in Tanzania

This year is critical for decentralization in Tanzania. In January 2014, President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania said, “Tanzania will have their constitution before the end of 2014, if all goes according to plan”. (Daily Monitor) The second draft of the Constitution was released to the public on the 30th of December 2013 by Tanzania’s Constitutional … Continue reading

People’s Empowerment through Democratic Decentralization in India

People’s Empowerment through Democratic Decentralization in India

There is substantial evidence that basic public services and programs function inefficiently in India especially in the poorer states. The paper, “People’s Empowerment through Democratic Decentralization in India” (N.C. Saxena, 2010) examines the obstacles in the functioning of Indian panchayats (a political system of local government created in 1993) and makes recommendations for more effective … Continue reading

UNDP: Self-assessing Sustainable Local Development

UNDP: Self-assessing Sustainable Local Development

“Self-assessing Sustainable Local Development: A Tool for Eastern Europe and Central Asia” is a guide to introduce the Self-Assessment Tool for Sustainable Local Development (SAT4SLD). The tool helps local actors assess their current status and make strategic plans for a more sustainable future by simultaneously addressing governance, socio-economic, and environmental issues. Four universal sustainable development … Continue reading

World Bank – Open Budget Portal

World Bank – Open Budget Portal

The World Bank’s Open Budget Portal launched on December 2013 is a first-ever one-stop shop for accessing budget data worldwide.  While most initiatives on open budgets center on availability of key documents, the portal focused on the quality of data dissemination and its analytical use for decision-making processes. The portal represents a starting point to … Continue reading

Right to Participation in Local Democratic Governance

Right to Participation in Local Democratic Governance

The formulation of a “Global Charter on Right to Participation in Local Democratic Governance” was initiated by the Learning Initiative on Citizen Participation in Local Governance (Logo Link) to deepen citizen participation in local democracy by scaling-up, mainstreaming and institutionalizing citizen participation in all spheres of democratic governance. Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA) organized consultations … Continue reading

Free Online Course: Municipal Finances

Free Online Course: Municipal Finances

The application for the free online course “Municipal Finances – A Learning Program for Local Government” (March 31 2014 – May 23 2014) is now available as part of the E-Institute organized by the World Bank Institute (WBI). The training will focus on the perspective of local governments and will provide how-to instruments to improve … Continue reading