R4D : research for development

Abstract: R4D is a free access on-line portal containing the latest information about research funded by DFID, including details of current and past research in over 30,000 project and document records. Themes include agriculture, education, health, governance and conflict, food security, and social change. Author(s): DFID Source(s): , Published: 2012 Department for international development (DFID),…

Agricultural commodities that respect land rights and food security : how to include land governance issues in sustainable commodity standards?

Abstract: The private sector has clear responsibilities for respecting land rights, including companies involved in investment, production and in the supply chain. The article uses case histories from Indonesia (palm oil) and Uganda to show how sustainable commodity standards may trigger that responsibility. Author(s): Man, Reinier De Source(s): , 29 p. Published: 2012 World bank,…

Expert advocacy for the marginalised : how and why democratic mediation matters to deepening democracy in the global South

Abstract: Different kinds of democratic mediation are reviewed: mediation as professional advocacy; mediation as representational entrepreneurship; and, mediation as citizenship development. In the last case, the empowerment of communities typically has a mostly positive impact on local governance. Author(s): Piper, Laurence; Von Lieres, Bettina Source(s): , IDS working paper; 364 41 p., ill., tab, 30…

Equalising sub-national governments’ spending needs in a developing country : the case of Tanzania

Abstract: Many countries use fiscal equalization to alleviate fiscal disparities created by decentralization. Application of a new method to estimate spending needs of local governments in developing countries shows that many Tanzanian districts are underfunded for health services. Author(s): RU Groningen Source(s): , 30 p., ill., graphs, tabs Published: 2011 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (RuG), [Groningen (English…

Ensuring equitable distribution of land in Ghana : spirituality or policy? : a case study from the forest-savanna agroecological zone of Ghana

Abstract: The question of equitable distribution of land in forest-savannah zone of Ghana was investigated with a focus on the dichotomy of policy versus indigenous spirituality. The effectiveness of past land registration attempts is also examined. Generally, religio-cultural aspects must be factored in. Author(s): Awuah-Nyamekye, Samuel; Sarfo-Mensah, Paul Source(s): , The International indigenous policy journal.…

UNU school for land administration studies

Abstract: The School for Land Administration Studies aims to provide support in the area of land policy and land policy instruments through education and capacity building, research, advisory services, and expert meetings. Land policy determines access to land for food production and poverty alleviation. Author(s): Universiteit Twente Source(s): , Published: 2011 University of Twente. Faculty…

Making local government work : an activist’s guide

Abstract: Guidelines for grassroots action to hold local governments to account are presented. To create accountable, just and effective local government it is important that communities take action. It is necessary for them to demand to participate in consultations and decision-making processes. Author(s): McNeil, Claire; Heywood, Mark; Dugard, Jackie; Hope, P.J. Source(s): , x, 110…

Four case studies on the experience of SDC and its partners in supporting socially inclusive local governance

Abstract: Case studies from Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bosnia, and Niger dealing with interventions at the level of policies/legal frameworks and grassroots level, especially local development planning, access to land and access to local public services. Also lessons learned and recommendations. Author(s): Byrne, Sarah Source(s): , 48 p. Published: 2011 Swiss agency for development and cooperation (SDC).…

Designing the local government enhancement fund for the Philippines

Abstract: Recently, local government associations in the Philippines have asked for an expansion in the funding of the IRA (Internal Revenue Allotment) with 10%. In addition they asked for a new transfer mechanism to ensure stronger equalization and better accountability arrangements for higher efficiency. Author(s): Martinez-Vazquez, Jorge; Liu, Yongzheng Source(s): , International studies program :…